Dikic N, Radivojevic N, Oblakovic Babic J, Suzic J, Heinz G, Turner R, Guillon C.
Introduction: The amount and type of substances that basketball players use is mainly unknown. A benefit of supplementation and medication use in sport is still controversial. Although some supplements could improve athletic performance and prescribed drugs are necessary in treatment of sports injury, inappropriate and excessive use could increase the number of adverse drug events and interactions.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to examine nutritional supplements (NS) and medications use by elite basketball players during FIBA Europe competitions.
Methods: We analyzed data collected from questionnaires that doctors of participated teams filled out after games. Team doctors were asked to write medications and nutritional supplements that athletes took in the last three days.
Results: In-group of female athletes (n=172), among reported substances (n=357), 73.9% (264) were NS and 26.1% (93) drugs. NS took 69.2 % (119) athletes (2.2 per athlete). Medications is taken by 33.7 % (58) athletes (1.6 per athlete). Only 18.6 % (32) athletes didn't take any substance. The most commonly used NS were multivitamins, sports drinks and carbohydrates. Frequently used drugs were NSAID (33.3 % of all medications). Twenty-eight of all athletes (16.3 %) took these drugs and three of them (10.7 %) took two NSAID in the same time.
In-group of male athletes (n=190), among reported substances (n=316), 72.8 % (230) were NS and 27.2 % (86) were drugs. NS took 44.7 % (85) athletes (2.7 per athlete). Medications took 28.9 % (55) athletes (1.6 % per athlete). Only 36.3 % (69) athletes didn't take any substance. The most commonly used NS were multivitamins, energy drinks and carbohydrates. Frequently used drugs also were NSAID (44.2 % of all medications). Thirty-four of all athletes (17.9 %) took these drugs and four of them (11.8 %) took two NSAID in the same time.
Conclusion: High intake of supplementation and medications in international basketball, especially non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, imposes necessity of education and control the use of those drugs. In view of the potential side effects, recommendations for supplementations and medication in sport need to be developed.